Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, colour or other medium to a surface (support base). The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used.
In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. Paintings may have for their support such surfaces as walls, paper, canvas, wood, glass, lacquer, clay, leaf, copper or concrete, and may incorporate multiple other materials including sand, clay, paper, plaster, gold leaf as well as objects.
Painting is a mode of creative expression, and the forms are numerous. Drawing, gesture (as in gesture painting), composition, narration (as in narrative art), or abstraction (as in abstract art), among other aesthetic modes, may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape), photographic, abstract, be loaded with narrative content, symbolistic (as in Symbolist art), emotive (as in Expressionism), or be political in nature (as in Artivism) etc.
Different types of paint are usually identified by the medium that the pigment is suspended or embedded in, which determines the general working characteristics of the paint, such as viscosity, miscibility, solubility, drying time, etc. and include Oil paint, Pastel, Acrylic paint, Watercolour, Ink, Encaustic paint, Gouache, Enamel, Spray paint, Water miscible oil paint and Tempera.