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WSM: Practical Training Phase 2

You can expect the syllabus set by flight schools to differ in respect of the implementation of the requirements.
However, the following is offered as a guide to prospective The Student Pilot pilots on what they will cover in their training.
The practical flight training syllabus set out below is broken up into 5 phases. The is to train a The Student Pilot pilot  to the level of proficiency required for the issue of a type rating for light sport weight shift controlled microlights, and to provide the training necessary to act as pilot-in-command of any light sport weight shift controlled microlight for which he or she holds a valid class or type rating, engaged in non-revenue flights under visual flight rules.
Each lesson will be repeated until a satisfactory level is obtained.  These lessons are set out as follows:
Phase 1:
Lesson 1:        Exercise 1 – 3             Air experience
Lesson 2:        Exercise 4 & 5:            Effects of controls and taxiing
Lesson 3:        Exercise 6:                  Straight and level
Phase 2:
Lesson 4:        Exercise 7 & 8:            Climbing and descending
Lesson 5:        Exercise 9:                  Turning
Lesson 6:        Exercise 10A & B:       Slow flight and stalling
Lesson 7:        Exercise 12 & 13:       Initial Circuits
Lesson 8:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Advanced Circuits
Phase 3:
Lesson 9:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Cross wind circuits and landings
Lesson 10:      Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E:  Circuit emergencies
Lesson 11:      Exercise 12 & 13:        Check ride to first solo
Lesson 12:      Exercise 14:                First Solo
Lesson 13:                  Exercise 12 & 13:        Solo circuits
Phase 4:
Lesson 14:      Exercise 15:                Advanced turning
Lesson 15:      Exercise 16:                Forced landing without power
Lesson 16:      Exercise 17A:              Low level flying
Lesson 17:      Exercise 17B:              Precautionary landing
Phase 5:
Lesson 18:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – dual
Lesson 19:      Exercise 18A, B & C:   Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
Lesson 20:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – solo
Lesson 21:      Exercise 19:                Basic instrument flight
Phase 6:
Lesson 22:      Flight test prep
Lesson 23:      NPL flight test
Lesson 24:      NPL test – NAV

Phase 2:

Lesson 4: 
Exercise 7 & 8: Climbing and descending
Theory of climbing and descending and use of power
Air Exercise:
How to initiate the climb and descent and levelling off.
  • Levelling off at selected altitudes
  • How to sustain the climb and descent and to control the speed and rate of descent
  • Use of rudder use to keep nose straight
  • Maximum rate and maximum angle of climb
  • Effects of flap on aircraft climb performance and descent rate
  • Use of the trimmer, only to trim pressure off, not for attitude adjustment
  • Different types of climb; best rate, best angle and the cruise climb
  • Review again the previous lesson if required
  • How to guard against cooling to fast during an extended descent
Aircraft systems:
What is a climb and cruise prop?
Check blind spots before lining up to a runway
Checklists and their use: 
For the lesson the The Student Pilot must be able to do previous checks by himself and the instructor is to teach the engine and system checks.  Rest of checks are demonstrated only.

Lesson 5:
Exercise 9:
  • Ground briefing: 
    • Theory of turning
  • Air exercise:
    • Entry and maintaining medium level turns (30° angle of bank);
    • Resuming straight flight;
    • Faults in the turn – (incorrect pitch, bank, balance);
    • Climbing turns;
    • Descending turns;
    • Turns onto selected headings, use of either gyro heading indicator or                                             compass;
    • Use of instruments for precision
    • Judging bank angle by wing-tip reference
    • Judging bank angle by aerofoil reference
    • Turns onto specified land marks. 


  • Aircraft systems:
    • The radio stack and how to operate each one individually and its purpose


  • Safety:
    • Routing to and from the GF. 
    • Further use of the FREDA check.


  • Checklists and its use: 
    • For the lesson the The Student Pilot must be able to do previous checks himself and the instructor is to teach the before take-off checks. 
    • Rest of the checks are demonstrations only.

Lesson 6:

Exercise 10A & B:
Slow flight and stalling
  • Ground briefing:
    • Theory of air flow over the control surfaces and the theory of the stall.
    • In the event of a severe stall with a steep nose down attitude, recovery is with bar slightly forward, and enter a diving turn to bleed speed off.


  • Air exercise:
    • Slow flight
      • Safety checks
      • Introduction to slow flight
      • Controlled flight down to critically slow airspeed
      • Application of full power with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal climb speed;


  • Stalling
    • HASELLL check
    • Symptoms
    • Recognition
    • Initial stalls are power off recover until The Student Pilot confident thereafter
    • ALL stall recoveries will be power on recoveries
    • Min height loss power on recoveries 200ft
    • Recovery when a wing drops


  • Aircraft systems: 
    • Brake system of the aircraft  


  • Safety:
    • Routing to and from the GF
    • Use of FREDA check


  • Checklist and its use: 
    • For the lesson the The Student Pilot must be able to do previous checks himself and the instructor is to teach the crew briefing. 
    • Rest of checks are demonstrations only.

Lesson 7:
Exercise 12 & 13:
Initial Circuits
  • Ground briefing:
    • Introduction to the circuit and all aspects of the circuit including terminology. 
    • Nose wheel and torque considerations.


  • Air exercise:
    • The take-off:
      • The The Student Pilot can do the take off.
      • Emphasis must be on airspeed and direction after take-off. 
      • Holding centreline by wing banking and steering.
      • Fly an accurate circuit up to downwind.
    • Approach:
      • The The Student Pilot can do the approach, emphasis on speed and rate of descent control.
      • Initially the instructor to demonstrate the landing and the The Student Pilot to feel through and learn.  Emphasis must be on how all the previous lessons learnt are included in the circuit.  This must continue until the The Student Pilot can do the circuit without any aid from the instructor.


  • Aircraft systems:
    • The electrical system e.g. Alternator, battery, ammeter, master switch etc.
    • Differences between a circuit breaker and a fuse


  • Safety: 
    • Circuit radio work.
    • The Student Pilot to attempt to do all radio work in circuit with assistance from the instructor initially.


  • Checklist and its use:
    • The Student Pilot must be able to do all ground checks.
    • The Student Pilot to be briefed on the whole circuit and the checks to be used.

Lesson 8: 
Exercise 12 & 13:
Advanced Circuits


  • Ground briefing:
    • The go around – a good judgement call
    • The balloon that cannot be landed
  • Air exercises:
    • All aspects of the circuit need to be consolidated.
    • A thorough briefing on the landing. 
    • Into wind and down wind take-offs
    • Emphasize to the The Student Pilot where to look on landing.
    • Three important factors in landing, round out, hold off height and aircraft attitude. 
    • The Student Pilot must do all circuit work including landings.
    • Recovery from goose stepping
  • Aircraft systems:
    • The static system:
      • altimeter, ASI, VSI
    • The dynamic system:
      • ASI
  • Safety:
    • Circuit radio work to be with little assistance from the instructor.
  • Checklist and its use:
    • The Student Pilot must do all the ground checks. 
    • The Student Pilot must also be capable in the circuit.
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