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WSM: Practical Training Phase 3

PRACTICAL FLIGHT TRAINING FOR NPL
WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROLLED MICROLIGHTS  
 
You can expect the syllabus set by flight schools to differ in respect of the implementation of the requirements.
 
However, the following is offered as a guide to prospective student pilots on what they will cover in their training.
 
The practical flight training syllabus set out below is broken up into 5 phases. The is to train a student pilot  to the level of proficiency required for the issue of a type rating for light sport weight shift controlled microlights, and to provide the training necessary to act as pilot-in-command of any light sport weight shift controlled microlight for which he or she holds a valid class or type rating, engaged in non-revenue flights under visual flight rules.
 
Each lesson will be repeated until a satisfactory level is obtained.  These lessons are set out as follows:
 
Phase 1:
Lesson 1:        Exercise 1 – 3             Air experience
Lesson 2:        Exercise 4 & 5:            Effects of controls and taxiing
Lesson 3:        Exercise 6:                  Straight and level
 
Phase 2:
Lesson 4:        Exercise 7 & 8:            Climbing and descending
Lesson 5:        Exercise 9:                  Turning
Lesson 6:        Exercise 10A & B:       Slow flight and stalling
Lesson 7:        Exercise 12 & 13:       Initial Circuits
Lesson 8:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Advanced Circuits
 
Phase 3:
Lesson 9:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Cross wind circuits and landings
Lesson 10:      Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E:  Circuit emergencies
Lesson 11:      Exercise 12 & 13:        Check ride to first solo
Lesson 12:      Exercise 14:                First Solo
Lesson 13:                  Exercise 12 & 13:        Solo circuits
 
Phase 4:
Lesson 14:      Exercise 15:                Advanced turning
Lesson 15:      Exercise 16:                Forced landing without power
Lesson 16:      Exercise 17A:              Low level flying
Lesson 17:      Exercise 17B:              Precautionary landing
 
Phase 5:
Lesson 18:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – dual
Lesson 19:      Exercise 18A, B & C:   Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
Lesson 20:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – solo
Lesson 21:      Exercise 19:                Basic instrument flight
 
Phase 6:
Lesson 22:      Flight test prep
Lesson 23:      NPL flight test
Lesson 24:      NPL test – NAV
                

Phase 3

Lesson 9:
Exercise 12 & 13:
Cross wind circuits and landings
  • Ground briefing:
    • The influence of the wind on the circuit
  • Air exercises:
    • A thorough briefing on the landing
    • Emphasize to student where to look
    • Crosswind technique: Rotate speed in strong winds, effect of wind on circuit geometry, approach speed and adjusting for gusts, cross control technique 
  • Safety:
    • Student to do all radio work 
  • Checklist and its use:
    • Student to do all ground and circuit checks
 

Lesson 10:
Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E:
Circuit emergencies
 
  • Ground briefing:
    • Emergencies with respect to take off, landing, go around and engine failure.
    • Emergencies on the ground
    • Emergencies with regard to braking and steering
  • Air exercises:
    • Aborted take off
    • Engine failures after take off.
    • The go around
    • Missed approach
    • Demonstrate ground emergencies
    • Procedure to follow with regard to fault finding, planning of the descent, and radio call.
    • Student to do all circuits and all the landings.
    • Action in the event of fire in flight and on the ground
    • Glide approach and flapless landings 
  • Safety:
    • Student to do all radio work. 
  • Checklist and its use:
    • Student must be able to do all checks.

Lesson 11:
Exercise 12 & 13:
Check ride to first solo
 
  • Ground briefing:
    • Purpose of flight to student
 
  • Air exercise:
    • Consolidation of circuit and circuit procedures as well as circuit emergencies.
    • Student must be competent.
    • Normal circuit and glide approaches must be covered.
 
  • Emergencies:
    • Engine fire on the ground
 
  • Checklist:
    • Student pilot licence present
    • Pre-solo test written

Lesson 12:
Exercise 14:
First Solo
 
  • Ground briefing:
    • Aircraft performance in climb and speed
    • Difference in landing
 
  • Air Exercise:
    • Student to complete one normal circuit
 
  • Checklist:
    • Before flying solo a learner must in addition to being proficient in exercises 1 to 13;
    • be able to reasonably execute a simulated emergency landing from any position in the circuit.
    • He or she must also have completed a minimum of 6 (six) hours of dual instruction.
    • He or she must be the holder of a valid Student Pilot licence and have successfully passed the required exams.

Lesson 13:
Exercise 12 & 13:
Solo circuits
 
  • Ground briefing:
  • Dual check will be done for the first three hours of circuit work
 
  • Air Exercise:
    • Normal circuits
    • Student to practice on the accuracy of touch down point
    • Aim point for the round out to be the numbers
    • Accurate approaches and speed control to be emphasized
    • Instructor to evaluate progress of student
    • Student to assess own landings and discuss his mistakes with the instructor.
    • Student to end the flight when he becomes either tires or is uncomfortable with the weather.
    • The dual check should encompass the following:
      • Glide approaches
      • Aim point
 
Emergencies: Engine fire in the air 
 
 
 
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