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WSM: Practical Training Phase 5

PRACTICAL FLIGHT TRAINING FOR NPL
WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROLLED MICROLIGHTS  
 
You can expect the syllabus set by flight schools to differ in respect of the implementation of the requirements.
 
However, the following is offered as a guide to prospective student pilots on what they will cover in their training.
 
The practical flight training syllabus set out below is broken up into 5 phases. The is to train a student pilot  to the level of proficiency required for the issue of a type rating for light sport weight shift controlled microlights, and to provide the training necessary to act as pilot-in-command of any light sport weight shift controlled microlight for which he or she holds a valid class or type rating, engaged in non-revenue flights under visual flight rules.
 
Each lesson will be repeated until a satisfactory level is obtained.  These lessons are set out as follows:
 
Phase 1:
Lesson 1:        Exercise 1 – 3             Air experience
Lesson 2:        Exercise 4 & 5:            Effects of controls and taxiing
Lesson 3:        Exercise 6:                  Straight and level
 
Phase 2:
Lesson 4:        Exercise 7 & 8:            Climbing and descending
Lesson 5:        Exercise 9:                  Turning
Lesson 6:        Exercise 10A & B:       Slow flight and stalling
Lesson 7:        Exercise 12 & 13:       Initial Circuits
Lesson 8:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Advanced Circuits
 
Phase 3:
Lesson 9:        Exercise 12 & 13:        Cross wind circuits and landings
Lesson 10:      Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E:  Circuit emergencies
Lesson 11:      Exercise 12 & 13:        Check ride to first solo
Lesson 12:      Exercise 14:                First Solo
Lesson 13:                  Exercise 12 & 13:        Solo circuits
 
Phase 4:
Lesson 14:      Exercise 15:                Advanced turning
Lesson 15:      Exercise 16:                Forced landing without power
Lesson 16:      Exercise 17A:              Low level flying
Lesson 17:      Exercise 17B:              Precautionary landing
 
Phase 5:
Lesson 18:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – dual
Lesson 19:      Exercise 18A, B & C:   Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
Lesson 20:      Exercise 18A:              Navigation – solo
Lesson 21:      Exercise 19:                Basic instrument flight
 
Phase 6:
Lesson 22:      Flight test prep
Lesson 23:      NPL flight test
Lesson 24:      NPL test – NAV
                

Phase 5:

Lesson 18:
Exercise 18A:
Navigation – dual
 
  • Ground briefing:
    • Navigation Map reading
 
  • Air exercise:
  • Flight planning:
(a) Weather forecast and actual;
(b) Map selection and preparation;
(i) choice of route;
(ii) controlled airspace;
(iii) danger, prohibited and restricted areas;
(iv) safety altitudes;
(c) Calculations-
(i) magnetic heading(s) and time(s) en route;
(ii) fuel consumption;
(iii) mass and balance;
(iv) mass and performance;
(d) Flight information-
(i) NOTAMS etc.;
(ii) radio frequencies;
(iii) selection of alternate aerodromes;
(e) Weight shift controlled microlight documentation;
(f) Notification of the flight-
(i) pre-flight administrative procedures;
(ii) flight plan form; 
 
  • Departure- 
(a) Organisation of cockpit workload;
(b) Departure procedures-
(i) altimeter settings;
(ii) ATC liaison in controlled / regulated airspace;
(iii) setting-heading procedure; (iv) noting of ETAs;
(c) Maintenance of altitude and heading;
(d) Revisions of ETA and heading;
(e) Log keeping;
(f) Use of radio;
(g) Use of navaids (if applicable);
(h) Minimum weather conditions for continuation of flight;
(i) In-flight decisions;
(j) Transiting controlled / regulated airspace.
 
  • Set heading procedures
  • FREDA checks
  • Air Rep
  • Heading control and the importance thereof
  • Unmanned joining at destination aerodrome
  • Flying of the circuit and landing
 
  • Lesson objective:
    • The student is not required to fly the aircraft at all times
    • His responsibility is to learn the art of navigation and radio work
    • The instructor is to assist the student in all aspects of NAV
 
  • Systems:
    • mixture settings in flight
    • How to use an EGT
 

Lesson 19:
Exercise 18A, B & C:
Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
 
  • Ground briefing:
  • Navigation Deteriorating weather conditions
  • Can you trust your fuel gauges
  • How to circumnavigate a thunderstorm?
  • Lost procedures:
    • climb for better visibility
    • Where is the sun?
    • Slow safe cruise to conserve fuel
    • Landmarks
    • Last known position and time
    • Talk to ATC and ask for assistance
 
  • Air exercise:
  • 3 leg route; 1st leg: Map reading; 2nd leg: pinpoint navigation with focus on time and renewed ETA; 3rd leg: pinpoint navigation with focus on correcting for drift.
  • Route
  • Planning the navigation log, mass and balance, radio frequency, fuel use, airport information etc
  • How to use a map and the correct way of folding it
  • En route weather
  • Filing of flight plans
  • Set heading procedures
  • Altimeter setting procedures
  • FREDA checks
  • Air Rep
  • Use of the nav log and map reading
  • Drift correction and the use of the 1 in 60 rule
  • Heading control and the importance thereof
  • Unmanned joining at destination aerodrome
  • Flying of the circuit and landing
 
  • Navigation with GPS
    • Entering weigh-points;
    • Reading GPS information;
    • Following GPS routes;
    • Practical limitations.

 

  • Low level navigation
    • Hazards (e.g. obstacles, other aircraft);
    • Difficulties of map reading;
    • Effects of wind and turbulence ;
    • Bad-weather circuit and landing;
    • Vertical situational awareness

 

  • Lesson objective:
    • The student is to learn to fly and navigate simultaneously
    • The instructor is to assist the student in all aspects of NAV

 
Lesson 20:
Exercise 18A:
Navigation – solo
 
  • Ground briefing:
    • Planning of navigation and checking planned route and discussion thereon

 

  • Air exercise:
    • navigation
    • Route Planning the navigation log, mass and balance, radio frequency, fuel use, airport information etc
    • How to use a map and the correct way of folding it
    • En route weather
    • Filing of flight plans
    • Set heading procedures
    • Altimeter setting procedures
    • FREDA checks
    • Air Rep
    • Use of the nav log and map reading
    • Drift correction and the use of the 1 in 60 rule
    • Heading control and the importance thereof
    • Unmanned joining at destination aerodrome
    • Flying of the circuit and landing

 

  • Lesson objective:
    • The student is required to learn the art of navigation and radio work, and flying the aircraft simultaneously

 
Lesson 21:
Exercise 19:
Basic instrument flight
 
  • Briefing:
    • Procedure to be followed during flight and use of instrumentation
    • Physiological sensations
  • Air exercise:
    • Navigational instruments;
    • Engine instruments;
    • Scanning techniques;
    • GPS and other basic electronic navigation systems.

 
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