With the Kumon Method, Instructors provide individualized instruction tailored to each child's ability. The individualized and ability-based method of learning at Kumon is not the same as one-to-one tutored lessons or classes where students are divided up according to ability. What we mean by this is that each individual student learns at a level that is suited to his or her ability. In the Kumon Centre students are not separated into different classes according to age.
Students' abilities differ due to the environment they have been brought up in, the knowledge they have already built up, and the amount of practice they have already had in certain areas. If we have students study the same material just because they are the same age, then that material may be too difficult for some and cause them to lose confidence. Conversely, other students may be bored because the material is too easy for them. For this reason it is vital to consider the level of material suitable for each individual's level of ability when beginning study.
We could say the same when it comes to acquiring skills such as the ability to swim or play the piano. For example, we cannot teach children who are still unable to kick their legs well to do the front crawl straight away. At the other end of the spectrum, pushing children who have already mastered the front crawl to practice kicking their legs more than necessary would just be demotivating. In addition, the speed at which students master material at each stage of the learning process naturally differs. For example, in the case of math study when children are learning the times tables, while there are children who can master them with five times practice, there are also children who may need 10 or 20 times practice to become proficient.
The Kumon Method places utmost importance on mastery of reading, writing and calculation, which are the skills that form the basis for all learning. We provide a learning program that considers the academic ability of each student at the time he or she enrolls, and then we continue to tailor the program to the individual speed at which each student learns after beginning study. What makes that possible is the Kumon worksheets which are divided into very small steps—ranging in content from material that is easy even for preschoolers or children with special needs to study, all the way up to university level material.
For children to learn with motivation and develop their ability to their full potential, we as providers of education must not force our theories or methods on students. Rather, we need to stand in the shoes of each individual student and think about the kind of education we should provide.