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WSM: Practical Training Phase 4

PRACTICAL FLIGHT TRAINING FOR NPL
WEIGHT SHIFT CONTROLLED MICROLIGHTS
You can expect the syllabus set by flight schools to differ in respect of the implementation of the requirements.
However, the following is offered as a guide to prospective student pilots on what they will cover in their training.
The practical flight training syllabus set out below is broken up into 5 phases. The is to train a student pilot to the level of proficiency required for the issue of a type rating for light sport weight shift controlled microlights, and to provide the training necessary to act as pilot-in-command of any light sport weight shift controlled microlight for which he or she holds a valid class or type rating, engaged in non-revenue flights under visual flight rules.
Each lesson will be repeated until a satisfactory level is obtained. These lessons are set out as follows:
Phase 1:
Lesson 1: Exercise 1 – 3 Air experience
Lesson 2: Exercise 4 & 5: Effects of controls and taxiing
Lesson 3: Exercise 6: Straight and level
Phase 2:
Lesson 4: Exercise 7 & 8: Climbing and descending
Lesson 5: Exercise 9: Turning
Lesson 6: Exercise 10A & B: Slow flight and stalling
Lesson 7: Exercise 12 & 13: Initial Circuits
Lesson 8: Exercise 12 & 13: Advanced Circuits
Phase 3:
Lesson 9: Exercise 12 & 13: Cross wind circuits and landings
Lesson 10: Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E: Circuit emergencies
Lesson 11: Exercise 12 & 13: Check ride to first solo
Lesson 12: Exercise 14: First Solo
Lesson 13: Exercise 12 & 13: Solo circuits
Phase 4:
Lesson 14: Exercise 15: Advanced turning
Lesson 15: Exercise 16: Forced landing without power
Lesson 16: Exercise 17A: Low level flying
Lesson 17: Exercise 17B: Precautionary landing
Phase 5:
Lesson 18: Exercise 18A: Navigation – dual
Lesson 19: Exercise 18A, B & C: Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
Lesson 20: Exercise 18A: Navigation – solo
Lesson 21: Exercise 19: Basic instrument flight
Phase 6:
Lesson 22: Flight test prep
Lesson 23: NPL flight test
Lesson 24: NPL test – NAV

Phase 4

Lesson 14:
Exercise 15:
Advanced turning
  • Ground briefing:
    • Theory of steep turns angle of bank ≥ 45
    • Wake turbulence / disorientation

  • Air Exercise:
    • Entry into the steep turn
    • Use of power to maintain speed
    • Attitude for altitude control, cover VSI and altimeter if required
    • Rolling out of the turn and use of power, recovering to straight and level flight
    • This flight will also serve as the check ride to authorise the student to fly solo to the GF.

  • Emergencies: Stuck throttle cable

Lesson 15:
Exercise 16:
Forced landing without power
  • Ground briefing:
    • Forced landing setup and procedures
  • Air exercise: Setup of the glide and speed control in the glide
    • Planning of the glide, 2 key points and their respective heights
    • Fault finding and reasons for an engine failure
    • Radio call and pax briefing
    • Use of hammer head to lose altitude ​
    • Short final approach checks

(1) Forced-landing procedure;

(2) Choice of landing area, provision for change of plan;

(3) Gliding distance;

(4) Descent plan;

(5) Key positions;

(6) Engine cooling;

(7) Engine failure checks;

(8) Use of radio, Mayday call;

(9) Passenger briefing;

(10) Base leg;

(11) Final approach;

(12) Landing;

(13) Actions after landing;

(14) Airmanship.

  • This flight will also serve as the check ride to authorise the student to fly solo to the GF.

Lesson 16:
Exercise 17A:
Low level flying

  • Briefing:
    • Safety considerations and risks and dangers of low flight;
Selection of the appropriate speed and configuration;
Awareness of the danger factors and their recognition;
Transition to low level flight;
Control of speed and height;
Following ground contours;
Emphasis on regulations governing low flying.
Effect of drift


Lesson 17:
Exercise 17B:
Precautionary landing
  • Ground briefing:
    • Procedure used for precautionary landing
    • Reasons for precautionary landing
  • Air exercise:
    • Field selection and which has preference
    • Inspections and the race track circuit
    • Type of landing to be executed
    • Can the student fly the aircraft out of field after problem has been rectified?
    • PAN call Actions after landing

  • Operations:
    • Soft field take off and landing
    • How to execute the manoeuvre

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