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WSM: Practical Training Phase 4

You can expect the syllabus set by flight schools to differ in respect of the implementation of the requirements.
However, the following is offered as a guide to prospective student pilots on what they will cover in their training.
The practical flight training syllabus set out below is broken up into 5 phases. The is to train a student pilot to the level of proficiency required for the issue of a type rating for light sport weight shift controlled microlights, and to provide the training necessary to act as pilot-in-command of any light sport weight shift controlled microlight for which he or she holds a valid class or type rating, engaged in non-revenue flights under visual flight rules.
Each lesson will be repeated until a satisfactory level is obtained. These lessons are set out as follows:
Phase 1:
Lesson 1: Exercise 1 – 3 Air experience
Lesson 2: Exercise 4 & 5: Effects of controls and taxiing
Lesson 3: Exercise 6: Straight and level
Phase 2:
Lesson 4: Exercise 7 & 8: Climbing and descending
Lesson 5: Exercise 9: Turning
Lesson 6: Exercise 10A & B: Slow flight and stalling
Lesson 7: Exercise 12 & 13: Initial Circuits
Lesson 8: Exercise 12 & 13: Advanced Circuits
Phase 3:
Lesson 9: Exercise 12 & 13: Cross wind circuits and landings
Lesson 10: Exercises 1E, 5E, 12E & 13E: Circuit emergencies
Lesson 11: Exercise 12 & 13: Check ride to first solo
Lesson 12: Exercise 14: First Solo
Lesson 13: Exercise 12 & 13: Solo circuits
Phase 4:
Lesson 14: Exercise 15: Advanced turning
Lesson 15: Exercise 16: Forced landing without power
Lesson 16: Exercise 17A: Low level flying
Lesson 17: Exercise 17B: Precautionary landing
Phase 5:
Lesson 18: Exercise 18A: Navigation – dual
Lesson 19: Exercise 18A, B & C: Navigation with problems and GPS - dual
Lesson 20: Exercise 18A: Navigation – solo
Lesson 21: Exercise 19: Basic instrument flight
Phase 6:
Lesson 22: Flight test prep
Lesson 23: NPL flight test
Lesson 24: NPL test – NAV

Phase 4

Lesson 14:
Exercise 15:
Advanced turning
  • Ground briefing:
    • Theory of steep turns angle of bank ≥ 45
    • Wake turbulence / disorientation

  • Air Exercise:
    • Entry into the steep turn
    • Use of power to maintain speed
    • Attitude for altitude control, cover VSI and altimeter if required
    • Rolling out of the turn and use of power, recovering to straight and level flight
    • This flight will also serve as the check ride to authorise the student to fly solo to the GF.

  • Emergencies: Stuck throttle cable

Lesson 15:
Exercise 16:
Forced landing without power
  • Ground briefing:
    • Forced landing setup and procedures
  • Air exercise: Setup of the glide and speed control in the glide
    • Planning of the glide, 2 key points and their respective heights
    • Fault finding and reasons for an engine failure
    • Radio call and pax briefing
    • Use of hammer head to lose altitude ​
    • Short final approach checks

(1) Forced-landing procedure;

(2) Choice of landing area, provision for change of plan;

(3) Gliding distance;

(4) Descent plan;

(5) Key positions;

(6) Engine cooling;

(7) Engine failure checks;

(8) Use of radio, Mayday call;

(9) Passenger briefing;

(10) Base leg;

(11) Final approach;

(12) Landing;

(13) Actions after landing;

(14) Airmanship.

  • This flight will also serve as the check ride to authorise the student to fly solo to the GF.

Lesson 16:
Exercise 17A:
Low level flying

  • Briefing:
    • Safety considerations and risks and dangers of low flight;
Selection of the appropriate speed and configuration;
Awareness of the danger factors and their recognition;
Transition to low level flight;
Control of speed and height;
Following ground contours;
Emphasis on regulations governing low flying.
Effect of drift

Lesson 17:
Exercise 17B:
Precautionary landing
  • Ground briefing:
    • Procedure used for precautionary landing
    • Reasons for precautionary landing
  • Air exercise:
    • Field selection and which has preference
    • Inspections and the race track circuit
    • Type of landing to be executed
    • Can the student fly the aircraft out of field after problem has been rectified?
    • PAN call Actions after landing

  • Operations:
    • Soft field take off and landing
    • How to execute the manoeuvre

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